The giraffe’s most highly developed sense is its sight. Some people believe it can distinguish between different colours: red, orange, yellow, green and purple.
Rothschild’s giraffes are found in Sudan, Uganda and Kenya.
The giraffe has a slow and supple gait. At each step, it raises both legs on the same side, which is known as a pacing gait. At a gallop, it can reach 56 km/h.
The giraffe’s mouth contains a tool that is unique to the animal world: its black sticky tongue measures 50 cm in length and slips between the sharp thorns of the acacia tree to reach the most nourishing buds. Giraffes spend more than 12 hours every day grazing in this way.
Giraffes reproduce all year round. Females are in heat for one day every two weeks. To determine whether a female is in heat, the male tastes her urine; this action is known as the flehmen response. Females give birth to their first calf at the age of 5. This lasts around 1 to 2 hours. Because the mother remains upright, the calf must endure a sudden drop of almost 2 m.
Savannah and steppes
Young shoots, tender leaves, sprays or fresh spines, bark, fruit from trees, climbing plants or creepers. Acacias, mimosaceae
Due to gravity and in order to irrigate its brain, which lies 2 m above its heart, the giraffe’s blood pressure is three times higher than our own. 76 litres of blood are dispatched to the brain each minute!